What is a ten percenter?

The ten percenter is a parliamentary communications tool utilized by Members of Parliament across the country that in the fiscal year ending March 31st, 2010 cost Canadians $10,182,707.71.  Ten percenters are defined by parliament as:

“Printed or photocopied materials reproduced in quantities not exceeding 10% of the total number of households in a Member’s constituency. Members may print and mail an unlimited number of ten percenters per year however each ten percenter must have a 50% difference in textual content from other ten percenters produced that year and can only be distributed within the Member’s own constituency, which on average represents 4,500 copies per ten percenter.”

This is in addition to printed materials called ‘householders’ that an MP can send to their constituents about the goings on of parliament. Parliamentarians can send up to four householders per year. In the last fiscal year MPs collectively spent $4,591,399.40 on householders.

These two communication devices cost nearly $15 million and are not drawn from the budgets of MPs but are funded by the budget of the House of Commons itself.

Do we need ten percenters?

The ability to communicate with one’s constituents is integral to the democratic process as it aids accountability and transparency in government when the public is informed about what is going on. This explains householders which can act as quarterly communications between an MP and the voters they represent.

This does not explain the purpose of ten percenters. As far as I can tell, they serve no purpose other than partisan propaganda from all parties in the House. Originally ten percenters could be sent beyond one’s own riding and therefore did not have to inform one’s constituents about anything as they could be sent into opposition ridings (meaning those not held by a fellow member of the party) to influence the voters in that area. As of April 1st, 2010, the Board of Internal Economy revoked the right to send ten percenters to opposition ridings and allowed for them only to be sent to an MPs actual constituents. While this ended the onslaught of propaganda from all parties it did not require ten percenters to be about anything in particular from the party who already held the seat.

In the year surrounding the 2008 Federal election, I received well over thirty ten percenters from the Conservative Party of Canada alone. I live in what was a hotly contested riding and received ten percenters from the governing party and its official opposition. It was somewhere from 30-40 from Conservatives to 2 or so from Liberal MPs. This was of course before the rule change about outside ten percenters.

What’s in a ten percenter?

The list of ten percenters I received (at least the ones after I started collecting them due to the insane volume) are as follows:

  • What does Stephane Dion’s permanent new tax on EVERYTHING mean for you? – Sponsored by Stephen Harper, MP
  • The Conservative Government is protecting children from unsafe products by proposing: – Compliments of Stephen Harper, MP
  • What are Canadians saying about Stephane Dion’s tax on EVERYTHING? – Compliments of Stephen Harper, MP
  • After nearly 2 years of Liberal delay, the Conservative Government’s tough new anti-crime laws have passed – Compliments of Stephen Harper, MP
  • OUR CHILDREN SHOULD BE SAFE – Compliments of Helena Guergis, MP
  • Will you be TRICKED into paying Stephane Dion’s tax on EVERYTHING? – Compliments of Helena Guergis, MP
  • Junkies and drug pushers don’t belong near children and families – Compliments of Helena Guergis, MP
  • Just imagine how much Stephane Dion’s carbon tax will raise the price of gas, electricity and everything else – Compliments of Peter Van Loan, MP
  • Not on our watch – Compliments of Rod Bruinooge, MP
  • Age is no excuse – Compliments of Maurice Vellacott, MP
  • Breathe a little easier – Compliments of Joe Preston, MP
  • Why should thugs, drug dealers and sexual offenders serve their sentences at home watching TV, playing video games, and surfing “websites” on the internet? – Compliments of James Bezan, MP
  • During these challenging times, we must all work together to ensure Canada’s success – Stephen Harper, MP
  • During these challenging times, we must all work together to ensure Canada’s success – Stephen Harper, MP (repeated)
  • We prepared in good times by: – Lois Brown, MP
  • In these times of global economic uncertainty – Lois Brown, MP
  • Universal Child Care Benefit – Lois Brown, MP
  • Canada’s Economic Action Plan – Lois Brown, MP
  • Reducing taxes is part of the Conservative government’s plan to stimulate the economy and deliver for Canadians – Lois Brown, MP
  • He’s too dangerous for bail – Lois Brown, MP
  • The Conservative government is creating jobs and improving rail service for Canadian families, tourists and commuters by: – Lois Brown, MP
  • Conservatives help you pay less tax – Lois Brown, MP (this was a full booklet and not just a sheet of paper)
  • This economic crisis is about real people – John McKay, MP (this was the only Liberal ten percenter)

It is quite an impressive list. I remember reading up on the policy for ten percenters at the time of the 2008 election because my riding was being blanketed by these things, primarily by conservative MPs. MPs of all stripes were allowed to send out ten percenters to other ridings provided they did not exceed the 10% rule and did not send to the same riding (if it was not theirs) more than three times in one year. As shown in the list above, it was clear careful attention was paid to the no more than three times rule. The exception being Lois Brown’s mailings, however those only occurred after the election in 2008 when she became the MP for my riding.

Regardless of the sender or the party the sender represents, ten percenters provide no real information to constituents. They make broad statements that are frequently untrue and almost always slam the other parties instead of talking about the real efforts MPs are (hopefully) making to serve the public.

One of the most outrageously pointless of the ten percenters I received was one supposedly from Helena Guergis that provided two check boxes for constituents to check and mail back to the Member on the dime of the parliamentary budget. The two options were ‘yes’ and ‘no’ to the statement ‘yes, it is about time we put in protections for our children against predators’. Is such a ten percenter really necessary?

The cost of ten percenters

In the last fiscal year, MPs received a base budget for their Member’s Office of $284,700 plus an additional $25,468 for accommodation and per diem expenses. Additional funds are supplied for issues like MPs covering geographically larger ridings (Geographic Supplement, worth from $4,810 to $52,900).  The Member’s Office Budget is used to pay employees, fund advertising, pay for office leases, operating costs, etc. It may seem like a lot of money but there are a lot of reasonable and necessary areas it is used for. Ten percenters are not included in this budget.

MPs spent almost $99 million in their Member’s Budgets last year while the House provided resources to MPs to the tune of nearly $44 million. Householders cost just over $4.5 million in the latter category of expenditures while ten percenters were responsible for just over $10 million of House resources. Ten percenters alone made up over 23% of the total House resources provided to MPs. If you include the householders which serve the same purpose, the share of resources climbs to 34%.

At a cost of over $10 million, ten percenters sent over the last year average out to around $33,061 per Member of Parliament. Ms. Brown spent $62,728.09 alone on them.

MPs require budgets that reflect the needs of their jobs and their jurisdictions. The reality of a country as large as Canada is that most MPs will require two offices, two homes and a variety of other things in order to do their jobs. They should not have to pay out of their own pockets. But they should also not rack up massive amounts of money on things that do nothing for the electorate. Ten percenters are such an item. All parties are guilty of using them, though some more than others. Ten percenters are essentially to the political process what spam is to the internet. They clutter everything up without being of any real use.

Contact your MP and let them know that while transparency and accountability are nice concepts and detailing expenses serves both, spending the money properly and in the interest of the public is just as important.

To check out your MP’s spending habits, follow this link:


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